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On the afternoon of January 30, supported by “plan of action to strengthen the construction of the public health system in Shanghai three years (2015-2017)” project, the National Children‘s Medical Center, Shanghai Children’s Medical Center affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Pediatric Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Sports College, FudanUniversity, and Clinical Guidelines Cooperation Evaluation Center completed the domestic first official release of the China children and teenagers physical activity guide.
The main target group of this guide is healthy 6-17 year old children and adolescents, and the recommended daily physical activity amount of Chinese children and adolescents is proposed for the first time in China. 28 international guidelines recommend that children should be at least daily cumulative 60 minutes of physical activity, high strength, including at least 3 days a week of intensive physical activities and strengthen the resistance of muscle strength and bone health. In addition to physical activity, the guide also specially emphasized the sedentary behavior problems, stressed that even up to the high intensity physical activity recommended by 60 minutes daily, if there is still a long time every day of sedentary behavior, it will still be harmful to health. To this end, the guide specifically recommends that children and adolescents limit their screen time to two hours per day, reduce persistent sedentary behavior, and take appropriate activities during recess.
In fact, the current level of physical activity of Chinese children and adolescents is far from meeting this recommendation. In 2016 the “national fitness effect research of primary and middle school students”, the 32 provinces and cities nationwide, nearly 100000 primary and secondary school students, according to the results of the survey student high intensity exercise time and screen exposure time is not optimistic. Experts said a survey data show that lack of physical activity, static lifestyle has become a common state, the current Chinese youth and many adulthood diseases, especially chronic noncommunicable diseases, are related to children‘s adolescence, including lack of physical activity, all kinds of bad way of life.
With regard to the benefits of physical activity to children and adolescents, the guide particularly points out that physical activity is beneficial to the mental health, cognitive development and academic performance of children and adolescents. A in Shanghai in 2009, more than 2200 fifth grade students of the results of a survey found that moderate intensity and the frequency of the low intensity exercise has positive correlation with academic performance, and its correlation with the people in poor academic performance is better than learning good people. In recent years, the international evidence also more and more clear about the promoting effect of physical activity on academic performance, a comprehensive 26 study data analysis shows that the increased physical activity measures, both inside and outside class can improve grades, especially in math and reading skills. To this end, special hope to change this document “public” physical activity and academic performance is difficult to be satisfactory to the erroneous zone, remind students and their parents, at the expense of physical activity time to strive for more than 1 hours of homework, not only at the expense of the child’s physical and mental health, the study result does not play a role.
In this guide, in addition to give the recommended amount of physical activity, after the panel discussed repeatedly, and eventually involved in the guide content includes: the benefits of physical activity definition and health of body and mind; Definition of sedentary behavior and its health hazards; Recommendations for physical activity and sedentary behavior; Assessment methods of physical activity intensity used by non-professionals; The relationship between physical activity and injury; Physical activity recommendations in different climate environments and physical activity recommendations for children with high incidence of asthma. The Chinese child and adolescent physical activity guides the full version published in the journal of the Chinese evidence-based pediatric, to facilitate the understanding of the guidelines, parents, teachers and school working group also specially made the images of simplicity, Jane. The guidelines on the guide of the working group will regularly update, timely add more new research in the field of the evidence, for the children and parents, and provide the latest and the most scientific advice.