|The Coordination Meeting ofInternational Classification of Diseases and Diagnostic Guide for Mental and Behavioral Disorders was held at the affiliate|
Is online game addiction a mental illness? Shouldthe name of Alzheimer‘s disease be adjusted to “cognitive disorders”? On the morning of November 7, 32 experts from China, the United States, Mexico, Germany, Canada, South Africa, Japan and other countries gathered in Shanghai to attend the Coordination Meeting of International Classification of Diseases and Diagnostic Guide for Mental and Behavioral Disorders organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), in which they discussed and developed guidelines for the diagnosis of mental and behavioral disorders in ICD-11. Professor Geoffrey M. Reed, the senior project officer of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse in WHO, made a special trip to officiate at the opening ceremony. Huang Hong, party secretary of Shanghai MunicipalCommissionfor Health and Family Planning, Chen Hongzhuan, vice dean of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Xu Yifeng, president ofShanghai Mental Health, Xie Bin, director of the CPC Central Committee,and Zhao Min party secretaryattended the meeting. As the only on-site research center of WHO in China, Shanghai Mental Health Center was responsible for on-the-spot research on the diagnostic guidelines for mental disorders and behavioral disorders in China ICD-11 and hosted the three-day conference.
The International Classification of Diagnostics (ICD), a disease classification manual published by WHO, in which mentaland behaviors disorders are in Chapter V, whosecurrent edition is the tenth edition released in 1992, is a worldwide diagnostic classification system widely used in clinical practice. The disease classification is related to people’s livelihood. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is the most important standard diagnostic classification basis in China and is widely used in clinical, research and health management, including reimbursement standards for government and insurance companies. At present, WHO is reviewing its section on mental and behavioral disorders and testing its validity and applicability. The Chinese version and several other language versions of ICD-11 on mental and behavioral disorders are expected to be released in 2018, which is an exciting historical process - unlike in the past, China can participate in the revision, research and release of the entire ICD-11.
Xu Yifeng said in his speech that at present, WHO was revising diagnostic criteria for mental and behavioral disorders in ICD-10 and developing guidelines for the diagnosis of mental and behavioral disorders in ICD-11 and clinical field studies. Since 2007, Chinese experts had been involved in the revision of ICD-10 throughout the study, research and formulation of ICD-11. Shanghai Mental Health Center had been the WHO collaborating center for China since 1982. This time, as the only site in China, it was responsible for on-the-spot research on the diagnostic guidelines for mental retardation and behavioral disorders in China ICD-11 and was actively cooperating with other WHO centers and social organizations, developed a solid alliance withother Chinese experts and doctors and laid a good foundation for the future promotion of the ICD-11 guidelines for diagnosing mental and behavioral disorders.
Huang Hong said that as an important measure to safeguard and improve people‘s livelihood and to strengthen and innovate social management, mental health work had been included in the overall plan for national economic and social development, which at present, are neededmore and more to meet the health needs of the masses. “To review the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for mental and behavioral disorders, WHO conducted a systematic field study to verify that important revisions are clinically applicable. Mental health institutions and academic organizations in China played an important role in this process, actively promoting the development of ICD-11 in China and providing an important opportunity for the establishment of efficient cooperation among international and domestic organizations. ”
In his speech, Chen Hongzhuan emphasized that this meeting was of great significance to promote the development of mental health in China and deepen the cooperation between China and the rest of the world.He added thatthe conference would actively promote the development of ICD-11 in China, and with its assistance, the implementation and verification of international standards would provide important guiding value for further improving of the service standards of mental health at home and abroad.
Mental health is a major public health problem that affects social development and is closely linked to the health of the people. During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, especially after the promulgation of the Mental Health Law, mental health work has been included in the overall plan for national economic and social development as an important measure to safeguard and improve people’s livelihood and to strengthen and innovate social management. Up to the end of 2014, 4.3 million people hadalready been registered with severe mental disorders, of whom 73.2% received follow-up management and rehabilitation counseling services provided by primary health care institutions. Mental health work is more and more widespread and has become more and more sensitive. Currently, Mental health undertakes many challenges, such as the shortage of resources for mental health services, the unbalanced distribution of resources, the lack of public understanding of mental behavioral problems and widespread social prejudice, which still needs to increase mental health services to meet the health needs of the population.
China‘s “Mental Health Law” clearly stipulates that the ICD diagnostic criteria is a diagnostic basis for clinical practice. The revision has far-reaching implications for mental health in China. It is reported that this meeting is the last official meeting of the ICD-11 Guideline for the Diagnosis of Mental and Disabilities (Draft), which will summarize the relevant research results of the past 10 years and discuss how to better promote and apply ICD-11 globally to contribute to reducing the global burden of mental illness.